Calcata, village of witches and artists, is a municipality in the province of Viterbo whose territory, mainly hilly, has tuff hills separated by deep gorges where watercourses flow. The historic center developed on a tuff plateau over the Treja valley. Calcata was certainly inhabited already during Prehistory, and in pre-Roman times it became an important outpost of the Faliscan civilization: the Falisci, ancient inhabitants of the territory called “Agro Falisco”, played a role of great importance among the Italic populations and their history intersects with that of the Etruscans. Dominating the village is the Baronial palace that belonged to the noble Anguillara family: the building houses the offices of the Treja Valley Regional Park and preserves frescoes depicting the landsknechts.
The medieval village is accessed by a single door that opens between the fortifications, beyond which you reach a picturesque little square adorned with three tuff “thrones”. The Anguillara Castle overlooks the square, with its characteristic Ghibelline tower, and the seventeenth-century Church of the SS. Name of Jesus. Near Calcata, in the Colle area, the Opera Bosco Museum deserves to be mentioned, an itinerary in the woods where there are around forty works made with natural materials. Calcata is a typical example of a naturally fortified town, as the village is defended by the morphology of the territory itself, characterized by a precipice that envelops the entire town.